While both earbuds and headphones present the risk of high decibel levels and long exposure, earbuds are actually more likely to cause damage.
Headphones sit outside the ear, so there is less natural amplification.
Headphones also block more of the background sounds.
What is better wireless earbuds or headphones?
Final decision: If you want to enjoy high-quality sound — and really, all the sounds in a piece of music — headphones are your best bet. They’re also great for enjoying tunes in your home. But if you’re working out at the gym or commuting, earbuds are probably better, due to their light weight and portability.
Which type of headphones are good for ears?
Which type of headphones are best for you? Over-Ear vs On-Ear vs Earbuds vs In-Ear
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Is using headphones bad for your ears?
Headphones that go over your ears can also damage your hearing if you use them too long or play music too loudly. They’re just not as much of a risk as earbuds are: Having the source of the sound in your ear canal can increase a sound’s volume by 6 to 9 decibels — enough to cause some serious problems.